Municipal Ethics Regimes

Advisory Services Branch. (ND). Ethical standards for locally elected officials. Ethical Conduct, BC Ministry of Community, Sport and Cultural Development.

Alcantara, C., Leone, R., & Spicer, Z. (2012). Responding to policy change from above: municipal accountability and transparency regimes in Ontario. Journal of Canadian Studies, 46(1), 112-255.

Amsterdam, C., Arnold, E., & Tallim, M. (2014). Principles of Fundamental Justice: Reasonable Apprehension of Bias in Administrative Law and Municipal Conflicts. Canadian Journal of Administrative Law & Practice, 27.

Anderson, E. (2014). Municipal "Best Practices": Preventing Fraud, Bribery and Corruption. International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy.

Arbuckle, A. (2018). Held to Account? An Analysis of Political Accountability in Ontario’s Municipal Sector. MPA Research Report, Western University.

Bellamy, Honourable Madam Justice D.E. (2005). Toronto Computer Leasing Inquiry. Report. Volume 2: Good Government. City of Toronto.

Berman, E., & West, J. (1994). Values management in local government. Review of Public Personnel Administration, 14, 6–2.

Breux, S., & Couture, J. (Eds.). (2018). Accountability and responsiveness at the municipal level: Views from Canada (Vol. 9). McGill-Queen's Press.

Bruce, W. M. (1995). Feminist Ethics in City Government: Radical or Routine? Public Productivity & Management Review, 19(2), 160–171.

Bruce, W. M. (1998). Ethics education in municipal government: It does make a difference. In Bowman, J. S., & Menzel, D. C. (Eds.), Teaching ethics and values in public administration programs: Innovations, strategies, and issues, (pp. 231-252). SUNY Press.

Charbonneau, F. & Lachance, R. (2015). Rapport final: de la Commission d’enquête sur l’octroi et la gestion des contrats publics dans l’industrie de la construction.

Code of Ethical Conduct for Members of Council City of Vaughan. (2009).

Constantinou, P. (2017). Political Acuity and Staff-Council Relations. Canadian Journal of Local Government. 

Criminal Code RSC 1985, c. C-46, s.123. Municipal corruption.

Cunningham, J. D. (Commissioner). (2011). Report of the Mississauga Judicial Inquiry: Updating the Ethical Infrastructure.

da Cruz, N. F., Tavares, A. F., Marques, R. C., Jorge, S., & De Sousa, L. (2016). Measuring Local Government Transparency. Public Management Review, 18(6), 866-893.

DeLorenzi, B. L. & Greco, F. (2011). From Mayor to CAO in One Easy Step. Institute of Public Administration of Canada, Case Study Series.

Di Biase v Vaughan (City), 2007 CarswellOnt 8775.

Fernando, S. (2007). Ethics and good urban governance in Toronto: the Bellamy report and integrity in public service. Canadian Public Administration, 50(3), 437-448.

Lalumière, F., Boisvert, Y., Boisvert, Y., Jutras, M., & Roy, H. (2011). Les infrastructures de l’éthique municipale: Au-delà de la réalité québécoise, exploration des initiatives nord-américaines. In L’institutionnalisation de l’éthique gouvernementale: Quelle place pour l’éthique? (pp. 157–194). Presses de l’Université du Québec.

Levine, G. H., Couto, N., & Greene, I. (2017). Municipal Ethics Issues. In Greene, I., & Shugarman, D. P. (Eds.), Honest Politics Now: What ethical conduct means in Canadian public life (pp. 237-266). James Lorimer & Company.

MacEwen, P. (2018). The ethical significance of Michael DiBiase v. City of Vaughan. Canadian Public Administration, 61, 66-78.

Magder v. Ford, 2013 ONSC 263.

Manderscheid, D. J. (2004). Pecuniary Interest and Municipal Government in Alberta: A Matter of Trust. Municipal and Planning Law Reports.

Manitoba Law Reform Commission. (2016). Modernizing The Municipal Council Conflict of Interest Act: Accountability, Enforcement & Oversight.

Marrocco, F. N. (Commissioner) (2020). Transparency and the Public Trust. Report of the Collingwood Judicial Inquiry.

Mascarin, J. (2013). Eyes Wide Shut — —Willful Blindness & A Conflict of Fordian Proportions. Municipal and Planning Law Reports.

Mascarin, J. (2013). Remoteness & Insignificance and Prospective Relief Under the Municipal Conflict of Interest Act. Municipal and Planning Law Reports.

Mascarin, J. (2018). This Is Why We Can't Have Nice Things — Ontario's Better Local Government Act, 2018 and the Reconstitution of Municipal-Provincial Relations. Municipal and Planning Law Reports80, 35.

Mascarin, J. (2020). Ontario's Municipal Conflict of Interest Act — Things That May Surprise You About its Application and Enforcement. Municipal and Planning Law Reports.

McNeely, B. (1983). The Municipal Conflict of Interest Act, 1983, Ontario. Municipal and Planning Law Reports.

Menzel, D. C. (1993). The ethics factor in local government: An empirical analysis. In H. G. Fredrickson (Ed.), Ethics and public administration (pp. 191-204). M. E. Sharpe. [US]

Mullan, D. (2010). Report to Judicial Inquiry into Matters Involving Mayor of City of Mississauga, appointed under section 274 of the Municipal Act, 2001. Exhibit A in The Mississauga Judicial Inquiry .

O'Connor, M. R. (1991) Ontario's Municipal Conflict of Interest Legislation in the Nineties. Municipal and Planning Law Reports.

O’Connor, M. R. & Rust-D’Eye, G. H. (2007). The basics: Ontario’s Municipal Conflict Of Interest Act. Municipal World, 117(10).

Potts, D. J. (2021, May). Municipal Integrity Commissioners and the Municipal Conflict of Interest Act. Ontario Municipal Administrators' Association, ON, Canada.

Rosenfeld, W. W. (1962). Conflict of Interest and the Ontario Municipal Act. Faculty of Law Review (University of Toronto), 20.

Rust-D'Eye, G. H. (2010). The Search for A Meeting of Minds in The Interpretation of Ontario’s Municipal Conflict of Interest Act. Municipal and Planning Law Reports.

Sancton, A. (2017). IMFG Perspectives: Accountability Officers and Integrity in Canadian Municipal Government. Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance.

Schatteman, A. (2010). State of Ontario's Municipal Performance Reports: A Critical Analysis. Canadian Public Administration, 53(4), 531-550.

Skelcher, C., & Snape, S. (2001). Ethics and Local Councillors: Modernising Standards of Conduct. Parliamentary Affairs, 54(1), 72–78.

Smith, G. (2021). Recommendations from the Association of Municipalities of Ontario (AMO) re: Options for Enforcing Compliance by Council Members with Municipal Codes of Conduct.

Smith, P. J. & Kennedy, S. (1988). Making Local Accountability Work in British Columbia. Institute of Governance Studies, Simon Fraser University.

Stephenson, L. B., McGregor, R. M., & Moore, A. A. (2018). Sins of the Brother: Partisanship and Accountability in Toronto, 2014. Accountability and Responsiveness at the Municipal Level: Views from Canada, 23-48.

Sypnowich, M. (1991). Promoting ethical behaviour for municipal councils. Canadian Public Administration, 34, 146-152.

Transparency International Canada. (2005). Municipal Transparency and Governance: Transparency and Good Governance at the Municipal Level.

Transparency International Canada. (2010). Strengthening the Anti-Corruption Legal Framework to Promote Clean Local Governments.

Webb, K. (1977). Voluntary Codes: A Guide for their Development and Use. Transparency International Canada.

Wheeland, C. M. (2013). Gregory G. Smith: A township manager effectively managing ethical dilemmas. Public Integrity, 15, 265-282. [US]

White, L. D. (1927). The City Manager. Greenwood Press.