Professional Self-Regulation

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Adams, T. L. (2009). Regulating professions in Canada: Interprovincial differences across five provinces. Journal of Canadian Studies, 43(3), 194-221.

Adams, T. L. (2009). The changing nature of professional regulation in Canada, 1867–1961. Social Science History, 33(2), 217-243.

Adams, T. L. (2016). Professional self-regulation and the public interest in Canada. Professions and Professionalism, 6(3).

Adams, T. L. (2016). Self-regulating professions: past, present, future: Table 1. Journal of Professions and Organization, 11(6).

Adams, T. L. (2017). Self-regulating professions: past, present, future. Journal of Professions and Organization, 4(1), 70-87.

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Adams, T. L. (2020). Health professional regulation in historical context: Canada, the USA and the UK (19th century to present). Human Resources for Health, 18(1), 1-7. [Comparative]

Agrawal, G. B. (2001). Resuscitating Professionalism: Self-Regulation in the Medical Marketplace. Missouri Law Review, 66(2), 341-411.

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Aucoin, P. (1978). Public Accountability in the Governing of Professions: A Report on the Self-governing Professions of Accounting, Architecture, Engineering and Law in Ontario. Professional Organizations Committee.

Austin, Z., Croteau, D., Marini, A., & Violato, C. (2003). Continuous professional development: the Ontario experience in professional self-regulation through quality assurance and peer review. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 67(1/4).

Bauchner, H., Fontanarosa, P. B., & Thompson, A. E. (2015). Professionalism, governance, and self-regulation of medicine. Journal of the American Medical Association, 313(18), 1831-1836.

Bayles, M. D. (1986). Professional power and self-regulation. Business and Professional Ethics Journal, 5(2), 26-46.

Blishen, B. R. (1991). Sources of Collegial Control. In Doctors in Canada: The changing world of medical practice (pp. 116–128). University of Toronto Press.

Boon, A. (Ed.). (2017). International perspectives on the regulation of lawyers and legal services. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Brockman, J., & McEwen, C. (1990). Self-regulation in the legal profession: funnel in, funnel out, or funnel away?. Canadian Journal of Law and Society/La Revue Canadienne Droit et Société, 5, 1-46.

Brockman, J. (1995). Regulating Professions and Occupations Winnipeg: Manitoba Law Reform Commission, Report No. 84. Canadian Journal of Law and Society/La Revue Canadienne Droit et Société, 10(2), 251-258.

Brockman, J. (1996). Dismantling or Fortifying Professional Monopolies-On Regulating Professions and Occupations. Manitoba Law Journal, 24.

Brockman, J. (1997). The use of self-regulation to curb discrimination and sexual harassment in the legal profession. Osgoode Hall Law Journal, 35.

Brockman, J. (1998). Fortunate enough to obtain and keep the title of profession: Self‐regulating organizations and the enforcement of professional monopolies. Canadian Public Administration, 41(4), 587-621.

Brockman, J. (2004). An update on self-regulation in the legal profession (1989–2000): funnel in and funnel out. Canadian Journal of Law and Society/La Revue Canadienne Droit et Société, 19(1), 55-84.

Brydges, R., & Butler, D. (2012). A reflective analysis of medical education research on self‐regulation in learning and practice. Medical education, 46(1), 71-79.

Byington, J. R., & Sutton, S. G. (1991). The self-regulating profession: An analysis of the political monopoly tendencies of the audit profession. Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 2(4), 315-330.

Byrick, R. J. (2013). Professional self-regulation: learning from the disciplinary process. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia/Journal canadien d'anesthésie, 60(10), 960-965.

Cahill, B. (2019). Conclusion: Self-Regulation and the Public Interest. In Professional Autonomy and the Public Interest: The Barristers’ Society and Nova Scotia’s Lawyers, 1825–2005 (pp. 216–218). McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Cahill, B. (2019). Professional Autonomy and the Public Interest: The Barristers’ Society and Nova Scotia’s Lawyers, 1825–2005. McGill-Queen’s University Press.

Caplan, D., Janvrin, D., & Kurtenbach, J. (2007). Internal audit outsourcing: an analysis of self-regulation by the accounting profession. Research in Accounting Regulation, 19, 3-34.

Casey, J. (1997). Self-governing professions. College of Alberta Psychologists Monitor, 1, 1-2.

Castonguay, C. (1978). The future of self-regulation: a view from Quebec. In P. Slayton & M. J. Trebilcock (Eds.), The Professions and Public Policy (pp. 61–76). University of Toronto Press.

Chan Kok Yew, G. (2018). International perspectives on the regulation of lawyers and legal services. Singapore Journal of Legal Studies, (1),152-155.

Chantler, C., & Ashton, R. (2009). The purpose and limits to professional self-regulation. Journal of the American Medical Association, 302(18), 2032-2033.

Coburn, D. (1993). State authority, medical dominance, and trends in the regulation of the health professions: The Ontario case. Social science & medicine, 37(7), 841-850.

Dauphinee, W. D. (2005). Self regulation must be made to work. British Medical Journal, 330(7504), 1385-1387.

Des Places, S. B. (2006). Self regulation and the professions: a perspective from regulatory competition theory. In Cafaggi, F. (Ed.), Reframing Self regulation in European Private Law (pp. 215-235). Kluwer International Law.

Devlin, R., & Cheng, A. (2010). Re-calibrating, re-visioning and re-thinking self-regulation in Canada. International Journal of the Legal Profession, 17(3), 233-281.

Devlin, R., & Dodek, A. (Eds.). (2016). Regulating Judges. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Devlin, R., Woolley, A., Cotter, B., & Law, J. M. (2017). Lawyers' Ethics and Professional Regulation. Lexis-Nexis.

Devlin, R. F., & Heffernan, P. (2007). The end (s) of self-regulation. Alberta Law Review, 45.

Devlin, R. F. (2017). Regulating Lawyers: North American Perspectives and Problematics. The International Lawyer, 50(3), 401-408.

Dick, H. (1996). Paradigm Lost: A Summary of the Manitoba Law Reform Commission's Regulating Professions and Occupations. Manitoba Law Journal, 24(2), 263-281.

Dodek, A. M. (2011). Regulating law firms in canada. Canadian Bar Review, 90(2), 381-438.

Dussault, R. (1978). The Office des Professions du Québec in the context of the development of professionalism. In P. Slayton & M. J. Trebilcock (Eds.), The Professions and Public Policy (pp. 101–110). University of Toronto Press.

Andrew Flavelle Martin, “Review of Barry Cahill, Professional Autonomy and the Public Interest: The Barristers’ Society and Nova Scotia’s Lawyers, 1825-2005” (2020) 101:2 Canadian Historical Review 304-306.

Fogarty, T. J., Zucca, L. J., Meonske, N., & Kirch, D. P. (1997). Proactive practice review: a critical case study of accounting regulation that never was. Critical perspectives on accounting, 8(3), 167-187.

Fooks, C., Rachlis, M., & Kushner, C. (1990). Concepts of quality of care: national survey of five self-regulating health professions in Canada. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 2(1), 89-109.

Forth, J., Bryson, A., Humphris, A., Koumenta, M., & Kleiner, M. (2011). A review of occupational regulation and its impact. [Comparative]

Freckelton, I., & Bennett, B. (2014). Regulating professional practice. In Joly, Y., & Knoppers, B. M. (Eds.), Routledge handbook of medical law and ethics (pp. 151-166). Routledge.

Girard, M. A. (2019). Interprofessional collaborative practice and law: a reflective analysis of 14 regulation structures. Journal of Research in Interprofessional Practice and Education, 9(2).

Goldman, A. H. (1986). Professional Values and the Problem of Regulation. Business and Professional Ethics Journal, 5(2), 47-59.

Gorman, E. H. (2014). Professional self‐regulation in North America: The cases of law and accounting. Sociology Compass, 8(5), 491-508.

Grande, D. (2010). Limiting the influence of pharmaceutical industry gifts on physicians: self-regulation or government intervention?. Journal of general internal medicine, 25(1), 79-83.

Gruben, V. (2020). Self-Regulation as a Means of Regulating Privately Financed Medicare: What Can We Learn from the Fertility Sector? In C. M. Flood & B. Thomas (Eds.), Is Two-Tier Health Care the Future? (pp. 145–182). University of Ottawa Press.

Hamilton, K. R. (1995). Self-governing Professions: Digests of Court Decisions. Canada Law Book.

Jones, R. S., & Fletcher, J. C. (1998). Self-Regulation of Surgical Practice and Research. In McCullough, L. B., Jones, J. W., & Brody, B. A. (Eds.), Surgical Ethics (pp. 255-279). Oxford University Press.

Kelly, C., & Bourgeault, I. L. (2015). The personal support worker program standard in Ontario: An alternative to self-regulation?. Healthcare Policy, 11(2).

Kranacher, M. J. (2006). Regulating the accounting profession. The CPA Journal, 76(4).

Lahey, W., & Currie, R. (2005). Regulatory and medico-legal barriers to interprofessional practice. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 19(1), 197-223.

Lahey, W., & Fierlbeck, K. (2016). Legislating collaborative self-regulation in Canada: A comparative policy analysis. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 30(2), 211-216.

Lahey, W. (2012). Interprofessionalism and collaborative self-regulation in the health professions: Two variations on an emerging Canadian theme. In Short, S. D. (Ed.), Health workforce governance: Improved access, good regulatory practice, safer patients (pp. 113-142).

Lahey, W. (2012). Self-Regulation and Unification Discussions in Canada’s Accounting Profession. Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants.

Lahey, W. (2013). Legislating interprofessional regulatory collaboration in Nova Scotia. Health Reform Observer / Observatoire des Réformes de Santé, 1(1).

Lemmens, T., & Mahadevia Ghimire, K. (2019). Regulation of health professions in Ontario: self-regulation with statutory-based public accountability. Revista de Direito Sanitário/Journal of Health Law, 19(3), 124-204.

Lemmens, T., & Mahadevia Ghimire, K. (2020). Regulation of Health Professions in Ontario: Lessons Learned from a System Situated Between Full Self-regulation and Direct State Control of Health Professionals. In Aith, F., Balbinot, R., Ventura, D. & Dallari, S. G. (Eds.), Regulação das Profissões de Saúde no Brasil e em Perspectiva Comparada (pp.356-423).

Leslie, K., & Nelson, S. (2017). Ensuring Proactive Regulatory Initiatives Align with the Public Interest. Healthcarepapers, 16(4), 44-49.

Leslie, K., Benoit, C., Freeman, A., & Bourgeault, I. (2021). The Regulatory Amalgamation for Nursing and Midwifery in British Columbia. Health Reform Observer / Observatoire des Réformes de Santé, 9(1).

Leslie, K., Dunk, M., Staempfli, S., & Cook, K. (2021). Mandatory Reporting of Colleagues to Regulators: An Overview of Requirements for Registered Nurses in 12 Canadian Jurisdictions. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 12(3), 68-77.

Leslie, K., Moore, J., Robertson, C., Bilton, D., Hirschkorn, K., Langelier, M. H., & Bourgeault, I. L. (2021). Regulating health professional scopes of practice: comparing institutional arrangements and approaches in the US, Canada, Australia and the UK. Human Resources for Health, 19(1), 1-12.

Leslie, K., Nelson, S., Deber, R., & Gilmour, J. (2018). Policy tensions in regulatory reform: changes to regulation of health professions in Australia, the United Kingdom, and Ontario, Canada. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 8(4), 32-42.

Leslie, K. (2012). Recent changes to the governance and accountability of the regulated health professions in Ontario. Nursing Leadership, 25(2), 70-80.

Leslie, K. M. (2017). Balancing tensions in regulatory reform: changes to regulation of health professions in Australia, the United Kingdom, and Ontario, Canada (10258802) [Doctoral dissertation, University of Toronto]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Lieberman, J. K. (1978). Some reflections on self-regulation. In P. Slayton & M. J. Trebilcock (Eds.), The Professions and Public Policy (pp. 89–98). University of Toronto Press.

Lokanan, M. (2017). Self-regulation and compliance enforcement practices by the investment dealers association in Canada: 1984 to 2008. Journal of Financial Regulation and Compliance.

Lombardi, L. G. (1986). Self-regulation: Business and the Professions. Business & Professional Ethics Journal, 68-86.

Lynch, M., & Kodate, N. (2020). Professional practice following regulatory change: An evaluation using principles of "Better Regulation." Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 16(2), 208-215.

MacDonald, L. D., & Richardson, A. J. (2004). Identity, appropriateness and the construction of regulatory space: the formation of the Public Accountant's Council of Ontario. Accounting, Organizations and Society, 29(5-6), 489-524.

MacGregor, A. (2021). Conflicts of Interest in Self-Regulating Health Professions Regulators. Dalhousie Law Journal, 44(1), 339-378.

Mackenzie, G. (2007). Regulating Lawyer Competence and Quality of Service. Alberta Law Review, 45. 

Martin, A. (2022) "Case Comment: Law Society of Ontario v. Ghamari 2021 ONLSTH 45, [2021] LSDD 64 [Ghamari]" 16 J. Parliamentary & Pol. L. 735.

Martin, A. (2021). Mental illness and professional regulation: the duty to report fellow lawyer to the law society. Alberta Law Review, 58(3), 659-686.

Massey, E. (2001). The doctor's dilemma, the capacity of Ontario's self-governing health professions to regulate conflict of interest; a study of the College of Physicians and Surgeons (MQ46033). [Master’s thesis, University of Toronto]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

McKay, R. B. (2019). The Self-Regulated Professions and the Public Interest. In Ashmore, H. S. (Ed.), The William O. Douglas Inquiry into the State of Individual Freedom (pp. 203-229). Routledge.

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Morrison, B., Boyle, T. A., & Mahaffey, T. (2022). Demonstrating institutional trustworthiness: A framework for pharmacy regulatory authorities. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy.

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Murdoch, C., & Brockman, J. (2001). Who's on First-Disciplinary Proceedings by Self-Regulating Professions and Other Agencies for Criminal Behaviour. Saskatchewan Law Review, 64.

Mysicka, R. (2014). Who watches the watchmen? The role of the self-regulator. CD Howe Institute Commentary.

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Case Law

Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) v. Vavilov, 2019 SCC 65, [2019] 4 S.C.R. 653

Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce v. Deloitte & Touche, [2014] O.J. No. 2763

College of Physicians & Surgeons Alberta v. Ali, [2017] A.J. No. 1419

College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario v. McIntyre, [2017] O.J. No. 193

Estabrooks v. New Brunswick Real Estate Assn., [2014] N.B.J. No. 186

Histed v. Law Society of Manitoba, [2006] M.J. No. 290

Hover (Re), [2005] A.J. No. 220

Kuny v. College of Registered Nurses of Manitoba, [2017] M.J. No. 321

Law Society of New Brunswick v. Ryan, [2003] 1 S.C.R. 247

Lawyers' Professional Indemnity Company v. Canada, [2020] 4 F.C.R. 75

Madadi v. British Columbia, [2018] B.C.J. No. 3544

Northcott v. Newfoundland and Labrador Assn. of Social Workers, [2011] N.J. No. 181

Osif v. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Nova Scotia, [2009] N.S.J. No. 111

Party A v. Law Society of British Columbia, [2021] B.C.J. No. 600

Stoffman v. Ontario Veterinary Association (Div. Ct.), 73 O.R. (2d) 737

Young v. Alberta Assessors' Assn., [2019] A.J. No. 1265


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